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One tends to assume, in this day and age of quick international travel, that culture was much more insular in the past, but there has always been a lot of movement around Europe, of people, artefacts and ideas.
How many type foundries existed in the early centuries of type, and where? Were more peripheral areas dependent on the importable type styles favored by the nearest foreign foundries?
I would have thought that the spread of Renaissance was the cause of the replacement?