Apostrophe word list

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Wei Huang
Wei Huang Posts: 97
edited October 2016 in Technique and Theory
Hi all, anyone have a list of common words and cases (in Latin script languages) with the apostrophe?
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  • Wei Huang
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    So far what I have:

    aren’t can’t couldn’t didn’t doesn’t don’t hadn’t hasn’t haven’t he’d he’ll he’s I’d I’ll I’m I’ve isn’t it’s let’s mustn’t shan’t she’d she’ll she’s shouldn’t that’s there’s they’d they’ll they’re they’ve we’d we’re we’ve weren’t what’ll what’re what’s what’ve where’s who’d who’ll who’re who’s who’ve won’t wouldn’t you’d you’ll you’re you’ve

    L’Arre L’arre L’erre L’œve 

    and contextual combo list.
  • Nick Shinn
    Nick Shinn Posts: 2,158
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    Don’t forget numbers, e.g. Summer of ’69— a big fail for “smart” layout applications. 
    Rock ’n’ Roll!
  • Gary Long
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    At least in English, the apostrophe is used for the possessive, thus: any letter/apostrophe/s. Also s/apostrophe/space (or other punctuation mark) for plural possessives.
  • Is this for kerning?
  • Igor Freiberger
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    Portuguese: d’água minh’alma 
    English: ’cause ’cos ’em ’gainst ’fraid ’mongst ’nother ’tude ’zine ’twill
    Deutsch: ’naus ’nauf ’nunter ’nüber ’nen
    Dutch: ’s-Hertogenbosch ’s-Gravenhage
    Italian: ’nduja ’ndrangheta
  • Craig Eliason
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    'Tis 'tis 
  • James Hultquist-Todd
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    Am I the only one who just does: /quoteright a/quoteright b/quoteright c/quoteright d/quoteright e/quoteright f/quoteright g/quoteright h/quoteright i/quoteright j/quoteright k/quoteright l/quoteright m/quoteright n/quoteright o/quoteright p/quoteright q/quoteright r/quoteright s/quoteright t/quoteright u/quoteright v/quoteright w/quoteright x/quoteright y/quoteright z/quoteright

    and so on?

  • Michael Jarboe
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    @James Todd I pretty much do the same for quotes and guillemets etc. with consideration for placement amongst different languages.
  • Craig Eliason
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    o'clock.
    But yes, this is probably a case where making it work for all letters and numbers is easier than trying to assemble an exhaustive list of potential strings.
  • Michael Jarboe
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    To add to what Kent said, even fake words that look like real words can be better to evaluate than abstract strings.
  • María Ramos
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    Am I the only one who just does: /quoteright a/quoteright b/quoteright c/quoteright d/quoteright e/quoteright f/quoteright g/quoteright h/quoteright i/quoteright j/quoteright k/quoteright l/quoteright m/quoteright n/quoteright o/quoteright p/quoteright q/quoteright r/quoteright s/quoteright t/quoteright u/quoteright v/quoteright w/quoteright x/quoteright y/quoteright z/quoteright

    and so on?

    I do that, but it is always useful to see the character combinations in context. That way it is easier to see where you need to do kerning. Triplets are in some cases a thing to consider with quoteright
  • María Ramos
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    Thanks for brining up this topic @Wei Huang. The quoteright is a troublesome character for kerning
  • attar
    attar Posts: 209
    edited October 2016
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    In French it can be every letter on the right side, caps accented or otherwise.

    You might be able to do some cherry-picking on the left handside, but not worth it imo.

    Specially considering that apostrophe was used much more in the middle of words until ~XVIII century. Even today you might use such phrasing to sound quaint. I'd just kern every letter combination.

    Anyway, here's a reference:

    https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostrophe_(typographie)#En_fran.C3.A7ais

    The article also states: "it's in French that the apostrophe occurs most frequently."
  • María Ramos said:
    Triplets are in some cases a thing to consider
    How robustly are kerning triplets supported now?
  • María Ramos
    María Ramos Posts: 100
    edited October 2016
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    @Hrant H. Papazian What do you mean? Supported by different software?

  • Yes, the last time I checked support seemed too unreliable.
  • Wei Huang
    Wei Huang Posts: 97
    edited December 2016
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    Am I the only one who just does: /quoteright a/quoteright b/quoteright c/quoteright d/quoteright e/quoteright f/quoteright g/quoteright h/quoteright i/quoteright j/quoteright k/quoteright l/quoteright m/quoteright n/quoteright o/quoteright p/quoteright q/quoteright r/quoteright s/quoteright t/quoteright u/quoteright v/quoteright w/quoteright x/quoteright y/quoteright z/quoteright

    and so on?

    In my research I've also come across these possible combinations for quotes (rather than apostrophe use):

     /quoteleft/letter/quoteright /quoteleft/letter/quoteleft /quoteright/letter/quoteright /quotesinglbase/letter/quoteright /quotesinglbase/letter/quoteleft /quotesingle/letter/quotesingle 

    i.e:


    If I'm being thorough I also take care to try proof every letter to between every other letter with an apostrophe between.
  • Hopefully one day 6/∂ quotes will catch on, since avoiding confusion with the apostrophe is a Good Thing. Of course then we'd have to kern against ∂ as well...
  • Thomas Phinney
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    How would that be operationalized, Hrant? Repurpose the former /apostrophe “dumb typewriter vertical apostrophe” slot to look like the old single left curly quote?
  • Hrant Հրանդ Փափազեան Papazian
    edited December 2016
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    No, I would leave the apostrophe alone, and have close quotes be h-mirrors of conventional open quotes (something I've done in my old Cristaal font). Some designs (most notably by Carter, and Licko) v-flip the open quotes instead, but besides not helping with the apostrophe confusion it's more jarring; in my scheme a quoted passage starts out normally, and the reader is expecting it to somehow close eventually, making an unconventional closing less jarring.



    Or is that not your question?
  • Thomas Phinney
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    There are single and double quotes. The closing single quote does double duty as an apostrophe.

    What's your solution for that if not to make use of an alternative apostrophe character as well?
  • Hrant Հրանդ Փափազեան Papazian
    edited December 2016
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    Leave the apostrophe as-is, and make all the closing quotes point up instead (like the top example in that tweet). Unicode has a separate apostrophe code point, which should naturally be used for an apostrophe, instead of using the single close quote.
  • Thomas Phinney
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    OK, but traditionally the apostrophe code point is used for a “dumb” typewriter-style glyph. So part of your proposal needs to be to turn that into a proper typographic, directional apostrophe, as I mentioned originally. (Unless you prefer the "dumb" style.)
  • Hrant Հրանդ Փափազեան Papazian
    edited December 2016
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    True.

    > Unless you prefer the "dumb" style.

    Not often but sometimes I do.



  • Hrant Հրանդ Փափազեան Papazian
    edited December 2016
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    BTW U+0027 is called "Apostrophe" and is used as both a (dumb) apostrophe and a dumb single quote, but there's also U+02BC which is much better: https://tedclancy.wordpress.com/2015/06/03/which-unicode-character-should-represent-the-english-apostrophe-and-why-the-unicode-committee-is-very-wrong/

  • Christian Thalmann
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    Hrant, I agree with your self-quote insofar as that guillemets are the best choice. The nice thing is that they are already supported everywhere. I think it doesn't make too much sense to worry about designing new high and/or low quotes when a superior solution is already available.

    Not everybody is going to like the change, of course, but the same will be true about any redesigned high/low quotes (including your droopy-eyed design). Perhaps you could call them «metric quotes» and bundle them up with the much-overdue switch to SI units. :grimace:
  • Hrant Հրանդ Փափազեան Papazian
    edited December 2016
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    Many people claim using guillemets in English is grammatically wrong. Only type designers claim upward closing quotes are wrong.  :-)

    What should tickle the fancy of type designers however is that guillemets are much easier to kern... So maybe the obscure compromise of –what I call– quotemets* would be ideal.  :->

    http://www.typophile.com/node/20061#comment-124405