Akzidenz Grotesk would be an example, though that hasn't been part of the Adobe library for some time. Some of the styles were from Theinhardt (which Berthold had acquired), some by Schelter & Giesecke, and others by Berthold.
The other thing to consider is whether braille printers even use a font at all. A font which prints braille on paper using a LaserPrinter would be of little use to the blind, and I can't see postscript or truetype outlines being of much use to a dedicated braille printer.
Since Mark Simonson seemed interested in the early Macintosh fonts, I thought I'd post a sample of the *original* Macintosh bitmap fonts -- i.e. the ones used on the prototype systems before Susan Kare had finalized the “city” fonts which shipped with the first macs in 1984. These are from mid to late 1983. (note that apple “restarted” its system version numbers for the final release, going from 7.x to 0.85).