Punchcutting tools: miscellaneous

Not all punchcutter's tools will need their own discussion thread, so it might be useful to have a thread devoted to miscellaneous tools.  Please add more!

I've added several more tools to the page at:  

http://circuitousroot.com/artifice/letters/press/typemaking/making-matrices/tools-of-the-hand-punchcutter-in-steel/gallery/index.html

Here are some representative images:

A "Lampe Olympe" and "Lampe Pigeon" as used at the I.N. and by Stan Nelson for soot transfers and smoke proofs.  (But please note:  Even though these lamps were designed for use with gasoline/petrol, NEVER use that fuel in them.  I discuss the reasons for this on the page linked above, but basically the reason I'm adamant about this particular safety issue is that years ago a neighbor of mine was crippled by the consequences of using gasoline in his workshop.  Gasoline/petrol is too dangerous ever to be allowed into the workshop.  There are safer fuels.)



A fixed height-to-paper (type height) gauge.


A fixed type height gauge with a sliding square, after a design by Henry Barth, digitally reconstructed.



A face squareness gauge, by Stan Nelson.



A caliper-style type height and face squareness gauge.


Comments

  • Ramiro EspinozaRamiro Espinoza Posts: 564
    edited June 2
    What about white spirit as fluid for the Pigeon lamp? Thats is what I am using and it works fine. I think the original 'petrol' used in them was close to white spirit (AKA Benzene, White Nafta, Was-benzene, Benzina). It's dry cleaning solvent, also used in the past as Zippo-like lighter fluid. Nick Gill is using kerosene in them. That is also what Paul Koch recommend in his famous Dolphin article. 
  • Ramiro EspinozaRamiro Espinoza Posts: 564
    What I like about the Pigeon lamp is: They look great :) and they emit A LOT more soot than a candle.
  • Whatever fuel you use, check its "flashpoint" (the temperature at which it will ignite if there is an ignition source such as a spark).  The problem with gasoline/petrol is that its flashpoint is surprisingly low:  negative 45 degrees Fahrenheit (about -43 Celsius).  Yes, negative.  So in practical terms gasoline/petrol is always well above its flashpoint.  By way of contrast, the flashpoint of kerosene is (positive) 100-162F, and that of consumer "lamp oil" is usually around 140F - generally above room temperature.  

    The number of trade names, regional names, and common names in use is also bewildering.  (But note that "benzene" is an organic solvent and potent carcinogen once widely used in the lab and industrially but now avoided.  "Benzine" is petroleum ether, an extremely volatile petroleum distillate which makes petrol look safe by comparison.  Neither is suitable here.)

    Kerosene in a Lampe Pigeon style lamp (that is, one with the body filled with felt) works fine.  So does lamp oil in a regular decorative oil lamp.  I haven't yet tried lamp oil in a Lampe Pigeon/Olympe.

    A US importer of cheap shiny brass lamps (mostly made in India), "Vermont Lanterns," has a good FAQ on some issues involved with fuels for these lamps:  https://www.vermontlanterns.com/search/node/faq  They're promoting their own lamps, of course, but still they have some useful information.  It is interesting that their objection to kerosene is that it produces too much soot - but in our case, soot is exactly what we want.

    Here's a picture of a smoke proof done using a cheap ($16.97) modern brass decorative lamp burning a "lamp oil" typically sold for use with this kind of lamp (see the "Vermont Lanterns" FAQ for brands).  Alongside it is another proof done with a vintage Lampe Olympe burning kerosene.  Both work well.  I used a machinist's V-block as a smoke proofing fixture (guide).


  • Ramiro EspinozaRamiro Espinoza Posts: 564
    Good tips on fuel. I will switch to kerosene.
  • Here's another "minor" tool - but an exceptionally clever one.  It is a jig that you apply to the punch (or put the punch in, depending on how you look at it) which allows you to scribe a line across the body of a punch blank.  This scribed line would then be made deeper using files and would become the "signature" line which identifies the side of the punch corresponding to the bottom of the letter.

    I do not know the origin of this tool.  It may be in the literature somewhere, but I can't recall having seen it.  The one shown here is one that Stan Nelson made.  You can of course just use a regular machinist's square when scribing the line.  The two advantages of this jig are that it is easier to hold against the punch than a machinist's square and it always puts the signature line in exactly the same location without having to measure.  I don't even know the proper name for this tool - "signature jig" is just what I'm calling it now because I have to call it something.

    Here are a couple of general views of Stan's example.  More views of it (including six orthogonal views) are in the "gallery" page at:

    http://circuitousroot.com/artifice/letters/press/typemaking/making-matrices/tools-of-the-hand-punchcutter-in-steel/gallery/index.html#signature-jig

    (Aside:  As I understand it from class - and I hope I'm not misinterpreting here - the line you cut across the punch to distinguish one side is itself called the "signature."  Additionally, but optionally, some punchcutters may also stamp the punch in this location with an actual signature punch to identify it as their work.  You can see Stan Nelson's punched signature, "Stan", on this tool in the photographs below.)


  • Tudor NoirTudor Noir Posts: 5
    Hello all,
    Just a couple of things, the lamps are freely available here in France secondhand at the Vides, these are similar to carboot sale or flea markets and are held in the villages every Sunday during the summer, they go for between 5 to 10 euro's and at ten you can knock them down to 7 euro's they expect it, They are available new, but expensive, also, the one at the Imprimerie have had tops made for them that go over the wick. one thing we get here is lamp oil, which is specially made for them and is available in the supermarkets for a couple of euro's, this is the only thing to use, nothing else or as David says, there could be dire consequences. 

    I made drawing of the signature tool at the Imprimerie Nationale, and have so far made four in a production run, and could make some more if anybody is interested, I shall post a picture on Instagram as the pictures are on my phone.
    Hugh
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